Synonyms: Lecythis bracteata, Barringtonia couroupita, Barringtonia pedicellaris There are two individuals of Couroupita guianensis listed as Heritage Trees. Major Threat(s): The habitat of this species has declined widely because of clearing for settlement, timber and agriculture, resulting in populations becoming . Couroupita guianensis, commonly known as cannonball tree, is a soft-wooded, deciduous tropical tree of the Brazil nut family that typically matures to ‘.

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Couroupita guianensis – Wikispecies

Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference Articles with ‘species’ microformats.

Readable yet also very detailed. Old trees often have the lower parts of their trunks completely covered with dangling flower racemes and fruits. Now containing plants.

When the fruits fall to the ground, the hard, woody shell usually cracks open, exposing the pulp and seeds. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

Couroupita guianensis

Couroupita guianensis is planted as an ornamental for its showy, scented flowers, and as a botanical specimen for its interesting fruit.

Native Amazonians use extracts of several parts of the tree to treat hypertensiontumorspainand inflammation. It is primarily native to rainforests in the Guianas French Guiana, Suriname and Guyana in northeastern South America, but has been widely planted in a number of different tropical to semi-tropical areas around the world.


Antimicrobial, antimycobacterial and antibiofilm properties of Couroupita guianensis Aubl. Mature fruits release a fetid aroma when they drop to the ground and break open.

Winter hardy to USDA Zones where it is best grown in organically rich, well-drained soils in full sun to part shade. Knuth Couroupita surinamensis Mart.

No serious insect or disease problems. Because of this, the sal tree is revered by many Buddhist people around the world.

Each flower has a 6-lobed calyx and 6 spreading petals which encircle two types of stamens fertile stamens and sterile staminoides which are borne on a cream-colored androphore. Fallen fruit Photograph by: Retrieved 21 December The carpenter bee Xylocopa brasilianorum is a common pollinator of cultivated trees in Rio de Janeirojust outside the tree’s native range. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies.

When ripe, fruits drop from the tree, usually splitting open as they hit the ground with an explosive splat. Close up of flowers Photograph by: An excellent, if rather terse, guide to the traditional medicinal uses of the plants of the region. Plant as a curiosity in tropical gardens in areas where there will be minimal foot traffic under the tree when the ripened fruits are dropping.


The fruits take up to a year to mature in most areas, sometimes as long as 18 months.

Trees grown in public places often have warning signs about falling fruit. Tropical Plants Database, Ken Fern. The leaves, which occur in clusters at the ends of branches, are usually 8 to 31 centimeters 3 to 12 inches long, but can reach lengths of up to 57 centimeters 22 inches. Retrieved from ” https: Couroupita guianensis Conservation status.

There are many medicinal uses for the plant.

Couroupita guianensis in Flora of Pakistan @

If you have any useful information about this plant, please leave a comment. A superb work, with the minor irritation that the translation from Portuguese is not of the best.

Smaller fruits may contain about 65 seeds, while large ones can hold as many as Genus name is a modification of the name of a native tree used in Tropical America.

Fruit Gardening Vegetable Gardening. New York Botanical Garden. Knuth Couroupita guianensis var.